Computer Organization

UNIT 1

1. Basic of a Computer System
1.1 View of a computer as an integrated system.
1.2 A brief history of computers.
1.3 Evolution of computer systems.
1.4 Characteristics of a computer system.
1.5 Merits and demerits of a computer system.
1.6 Block diagram of a computer system.
1.7 The working of a computer system.

2. Data Representation.
2.1 Number system
Binary, Octal, Decimal, and Hexadecimal numbers. Conversion of the numbers from one system to another.
2.2 Binary Arithmetic.
Binary addition, and subtraction using signed magnitude, 1’s compliment and 2’s compliment. Binary multiplication and division.
2.3 Alphanumeric codes for character representation. ASCII, SCD and EBCDIC codes.
2.4 Units of memory measurement.

UNIT 2
3. Central Processing Unit.
3.1 Function of CPU
3.2 General register organization.
3.3 Need for stack and stack organization.
3.4 Instruction format.
3.5 Addressing modes.
3.6 Instruction pipelining.
3.7 The Pentium and power PC processors.

4. Input-Output Organization.
4.1 Peripheral device.
4.1.1 Keyboard.
4.1.2 Monitor.
4.1.3 Video display adapter.
4.1.4 Video display modes.
4.1.5 Video resolution.
4.1.6 Printers.
1. Dot matrix printers.
2. Ink jet printers.
3. Laser printers.
4.1.7 Mouse.
4.2 Input-Output interface.
4.3 Asynchronous data transfer.
4.4 Nodes of transfer.
4.5 Direct memory access (DMA).
4.6 I/O processor.

UNIT 3
5. Memory Organization.
5.1 Memory hierarchy.
5.2 Main memory RAM and ROM.
5.3 EDO, FPM, RDRAM, SGRAM, VRAM, WRAM.
5.4 Cache memory.
5.5 Auxiliary memory.
5.5.1 Magnetic Disk.
5.5.2 IDE, ATA, ATAPI, drives.
5.5.3 Magnetic Tape.
5.5.4 CD-ROM.
5.5.5 MO Devices.
5.6 Virtual Memory.

6. System Buses.
6.1 Interconnection structures.
6.2 Bus Interconnection.
6.3 ISA, ESIA, VESA, MCI, SCSI.
6.4 The FCI bus and the Future bus+.
6.5 The PCMCIA standard.

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